Tschiffely Mill at Seneca


In 1852 Frederick A. Tschiffely, Sr. purchased 268 acres of farmland from the Clagett family and called his farm the Wheatlands, today known as the Kentlands. One year later, in 1853, Frederick and his wife Elizabeth had a son named Wilson B. Tschiffely.


In 1902 Wilson bought an old mill in Seneca, Maryland, where the Seneca Creek spills into the Potomac River. This area was established as Seneca Mills in 1732 and there had been a mill operating at this site ever since.


The grain mill was located approximately where Tschiffely Mill and River Roads intersect today, next to the bridge:






Tschiffely Mill in 1916




Tschiffely Mill in the early 1920s




The grain mill was located on the south side of River Road and remained in operation until 1931. It stood abandoned until improvements to River Road were made in 1959, when the mill was demolished. Poole's General Store (formerly Allnutt's Store) can be seen in the background of both photographs.


On January 8, 2011 an auction was held at the Poole's General Store and house. One of the items auctioned off by Mr. Poole shortly after I snapped this photograph was part of Tschiffely Mill's grain shoot, which I won for a dollar!







This photograph of the interior of the mill was taken in 1901, shortly after Mr. Tschiffely had purchased it. Parts of the grain shoot similar to the one I won at the auction can be seen on the right side of the photograph. The bag on the left reads, Seneca Mills ... Farmers Delight.


If you travel further down Tschiffely Mill Road towards the C&O Canal, you will find the ruins of the Seneca Stone-Cutting Mill. Rough stone was quarried and cut here before being shipped down the canal for use in buildings like the Smithsonian Castle.